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Geosciences LibreTexts

1: An Introduction to Science and the Geosciences

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  • Learning Outcomes

    After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

    • Describe the scientific method.
    • Construct and document geoscientific observations.
    • Identify the five spheres (reservoirs) of the Earth System.
    • Identify and analyze major cycles that connect the spheres of the Earth System.
    • Calculate, and directly measure items as they relate to geology.

    Thumbnail: “Western hemisphere” (Public Domain; Reto Stöckli for NASA)

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