After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the scientific method.
- Construct and document geoscientific observations.
- Identify the five spheres (reservoirs) of the Earth System.
- Identify and analyze major cycles that connect the spheres of the Earth System.
- Calculate, and directly measure items as they relate to geology.
Thumbnail: “Western hemisphere” (Public Domain; Reto Stöckli for NASA)