Table 5.1 provides an outline of the procedures and operations required to locate, drill, and complete a typical unconventional well in Pennsylvania, while Figure 5.1 indicates the average time required for each phase.
|Exploration Phase (the geology)||Leasing Phase (the people and contracts)||Drilling Phase (the engineering and inspection)||Production Phase (the engineering and infrastructure)|
|1. Basin scale assessment (data analysis, available well information)||1. Identifying "sweet spots"||1. File for and receive Permit from state regulators (plan for drilling)||1. Production and takeaway of hydrocarbons(gathering lines)|
|2. Seismic data acquisition and interpretation||2. Approaching landowners/owners of mineral rights||2. Site preparation and plan for drilling, including safety plan||2. Site restoration|
|3. Securing a block of leases||3. Rig setup and drilling operations(water access)|
|4. Cementing and wellbore integrity considerations (geophysical logs)|
|5. Hydraulic fracturing operations|
|6. Well completion and testing|