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Geosciences LibreTexts

5.17: Putting It Together

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    In this section, you learned the following:

    1. The different types of plate boundaries
    2. What type of motion is associated with each boundary
    3. The mechanisms that cause the plate movements
    4. The geologic features associated with each boundary
    5. What evidence supported Continental Drift
    6. Why certain areas are prone to mountain building, earthquakes and volcanoes
    7. The different types of deformation caused by plate tectonics
    8. What hotspots are and how they can create new land


    As you have seen, this section is absolutely essential to understanding how the Earth works, why it looks the way it does, what processes have shaped and continue to shape the Earth, and the impact it has on us today. Everything from various geologic hazards such as volcanoes, landslides, and earthquakes can be explained—at least in part—by plate tectonics. You should now be able to look back at the questions asked at the beginning of this section and understand how plate tectonics has contributed to our understanding. In fact, it is very difficult to think of an area or topic in geology that has not been influenced by plate tectonics.