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9: Climate Systems

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    Learning Objectives

    By the end of the chapter you should be able to:

    • Explain the difference between weather and climate.
    • Compare and contrast empirical, genetic and applied classification systems.
    • Describe the major climate classes (A,B,C,D,E) of the Koeppen system of climate classification.
    • List and describe the elements of climate.
    • Describe the characteristics of global climates and locate them on a world map.

    The climate of Earth is a mosaic of temperature and moisture patterns that affect the distribution of plants and animals and shapes the Earth's surface. Much is known about the present climate patterns of the Earth, yet our understanding of the cause of these distributions and change that occurs over time is ever unfolding. Not only do geoscientists like climatologists seek to unravel the interactions between natural phenomena that determine climate, but also seek to understand how human activity determines our climate.

    This page titled 9: Climate Systems is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Michael E. Ritter (The Physical Environment) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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