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Geosciences LibreTexts

1.1: Introduction

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  • Learning objectives

    After carefully reading this chapter, completing the exercises within it, and answering the questions at the end, you should be able to:

    • Explain what geology is, how it incorporates the other sciences, and how it is different from the other sciences
    • Discuss why we study Earth and what type of work geologists do
    • Define some of the properties of a mineral and explain the differences between minerals and rocks
    • Describe the nature of Earth’s interior and some of the processes that take place deep beneath our feet
    • Explain how those processes are related to plate tectonics and describe a few of the features that are characteristic of plate boundaries
    • Use the notation for geological time, gain an appreciation for the vastness of geological time, and describe how very slow geological processes can have enormous impacts over time