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13.5: Photosynthetic Bacteria

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    10353
    • Contributed by Miracosta Oceanography 101
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    Photosynthetic Bacteria

    Bacteria are very small in size, and many varieties. Some have evolved to be capable of photosynthesis (called photosynthetic bacteria). They contribute a large amount to primary production in certain parts of the oceans, and may
    contribute up to 50% of the world's biomass.

    Cyanobacteria (commonly called called blue-green algae) are photosynthetic algae common in marine and freshwater environments. Cyanobacteria contain chlorophyll while other forms of bacteria contain bacteriochlorophyll. Although bacteriochlorophyll resembles chlorophyll, it absorbs light of a longer wavelength than chlorophyll. Common kinds are cyanobacteria in the marine environment include golden algae and green algae.

    Cyanobacteria
    Figure 13.6. Cyanobacteria