The polar front is the junction between the Ferrell and Polar cells. At this low pressure zone, relatively warm, moist air of the Ferrell Cell runs into relatively cold, dry air of the Polar cell. The weather where these two meet is extremely variable, typical of much of North America and Europe.
The polar jet stream is found high up in the atmosphere where the two cells come together. A jet stream is a fast-flowing river of air at the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere. Jet streams form where there is a large temperature difference between two air masses.
This explains why the polar jet stream is the world’s most powerful. Jet streams move seasonally just as the angle of the Sun in the sky migrates north and south. The polar jet stream, known as “the jet stream,” moves south in the winter and north in the summer.
- Dynamic Earth: Introduction to Physical Geography. Authored by: R. Adam Dastrup. Located at: http://www.opengeography.org/physical-geography.html. Project: Open Geography Education. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
- What is the jet stream and how does it work?. Authored by: Met Office - Weather. Located at: https://youtu.be/huweohIh_Bw. License: All Rights Reserved. License Terms: Standard YouTube License
- The Jet Stream. Provided by: NOAA. Located at: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/yos/resource/JetStream/global/jet.htm. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright