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Reading: Abundance of Elements in Earth's Crust

  • Page ID
    2497
  • The table shows the abundance of elements in Earth’s crust. Numbers show percentage or parts per million (ppm) in mass; 10,000 ppm = 1%. Note that numbers are estimates, and they will vary depending on source and method of estimation. Order of magnitude of data can roughly be relied upon.

    Rank Atomic Number Element Symbol

    Lithosphere abundance

    1 8 oxygen O 460,000
    2 14 silicon Si 277,000
    3 13 aluminium Al 81,300
    4 26 iron Fe 50,000
    5 20 calcium Ca 36,300
    6 11 sodium Na 28,300
    7 19 potassium K 25,900
    8 12 magnesium Mg 20,900
    9 22 titanium Ti 4,400
    10 1 hydrogen H 1,400
    11 15 phosphorus P 1,200
    12 25 manganese Mn 1,000
    13 9 fluorine F 800
    14 56 barium Ba 500
    15 6 carbon C 300
    16 38 strontium Sr
    17 16 sulfur S 500
    18 40 zirconium Zr
    19 74 tungsten W
    20 23 vanadium V 100
    21 17 chlorine Cl 500
    22 24 chromium Cr 100
    23 37 rubidium Rb 300
    24 28 nickel Ni
    25 30 zinc Zn
    26 29 copper Cu 100
    27 58 cerium Ce
    28 60 neodymium Nd
    29 57 lanthanum La
    30 39 yttrium Y
    31 7 nitrogen N 50
    32 27 cobalt Co
    33 3 lithium Li
    34 41 niobium Nb
    35 31 gallium Ga
    36 21 scandium Sc
    37 82 lead Pb
    38 62 samarium Sm
    39 90 thorium Th
    40 59 praseodymium Pr
    41 5 boron B
    42 64 gadolinium Gd
    43 66 dysprosium Dy
    44 72 hafnium Hf
    45 68 erbium Er
    46 70 ytterbium Yb
    47 55 caesium Cs
    48 4 beryllium Be
    49 50 tin Sn 0
    50 63 europium Eu
    51 92 uranium U
    52 73 tantalum Ta
    53 32 germanium Ge
    54 42 molybdenum Mo
    55 33 arsenic As
    56 67 holmium Ho
    57 65 terbium Tb
    58 69 thulium Tm
    59 35 bromine Br
    60 81 thallium Tl
    61 71 lutetium Lu
    62 51 antimony Sb
    63 53 iodine I
    64 48 cadmium Cd
    65 47 silver Ag
    66 80 mercury Hg
    67 34 selenium Se
    68 49 indium In
    69 83 bismuth Bi
    70 52 tellurium Te
    71 78 platinum Pt
    72 79 gold Au
    73 44 ruthenium Ru
    74 46 palladium Pd
    75 75 rhenium Re
    76 77 iridium Ir
    77 45 rhodium Rh
    78 76 osmium Os

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