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17.2: Indonesian Tsunami

2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami

                On December 25, 2004 a magnitude 9.1 earthquake ruptured off a subduction zone to the west of Sumatra, Indonesia. The energy produced from this earthquake, equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs, would generate the most destructive tsunami waves in human history. Over 150,000 people in over 14 nations across nearly 3800 miles of the Indian Ocean were killed. The aftermath of the  

 How The Tsunami Spread

Immediately following the magnitude 9.1 earthquake, 

 Damage
            The death totalled atleast 150,00 people

 Role of Ecological Destruction

The death and destruction of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami were exacerbated by the destruction of coral reefs and mangrove forests alone the coastlines of the hardest hit countries. Coral Reefs

 Lessons Learned

Despite a significant lag time (several hours) between the rupture of the earthquake in Indonesia and the arrival fo the killer waves in India and Sri Lanka, there was little to no preparation or evacuation of at risk areas. Despite the Indians Ocean proximity to fault lines and volcanoes in Indonesia, there was no early warning system, or network for communication in place. 

18 months later, 28 Tsunami warning centers were placed in the Indian Ocean, cable of tracking both seismic and

The disaster fueled tsunami early warning systems 

Future Forcast

 

 

http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-U...CTION=201.html

http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/indo_1204.html

http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/Articles/5...niversary.html

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/n...6_tsunami.html